Sunday, 20 September 2009

Fruit tree list

The website for the trees is:

Dessert Apples

1. DISCOVERY - (A) (3) (N) (V2), Aug. - Sept.M27, M26, MM106, MM111(BEAUTY OF BATH X WORCESTER PEARMAIN)Bright red flushed apple, crisp and juicy, when left to ripen on tree. Tip and spur bearer. Recommended by most organic authorities. "The best early variety by far". (Geoff Hamilton)

2. KING OF THE PIPPINS - (B) (4) (S) (V2), Oct - Dec. MM106U.K.or France, probably about 1770. Also used for cooking and cider. An oblong shape, orange-red over gold. Bitter-sweet flavour.

3. JAMES GRIEVE - (C) (3) (S) (V2), Sept. M26,MM106, MM111 Well known Scottish apple originating near Edinburgh. The fruit is yellow,speckled and striped with orange. A good pollinator. Prone to canker, but can be good in the East.

4. OSLIN - (A/B) (2) (N) (V2) Sept., MM106.
Known 1815 but probably much older, associated either with Arbroath Abbey or Lindores Abbey, Newburgh, possibly originally French. Slightly scented, rich, distinctive taste with hint of aniseed

5. THORLE PIPPIN - (D) (2) (N) (V3) Tip Bearer, Sept., M26Scottish, first described 1831. A small, flat, red fruit with an agreeable if sharp taste.6. KATY - (A) (3) (N) (V3), Sept - Oct, M26, MM106(JAMES GRIEVE X WORCESTER PEARMAIN)Raised in Sweden, where known as Katja. Some of the flavour of each parent. Bright red flush on greenish-yellow background. Widely successful.

7. BLOODY PLOUGHMAN - (C) (3) (N) (V3) Sept - Nov. MM106, MM111Arose Carse of Gowrie about 1880. Named after a ploughman who was caught stealing the apples and was shot by a gamekeeper! A ribbed, red apple with a fine taste, better in the East unless sprayed for scab.

8. COUL BLUSH - (A/C) (2) (N) (V3) Sept-Nov, M26, MM111. Britain’s most northerly apple variety raised at Coul, Ross-shire in 1827. Gold with faint flush. Sweet, soft cream flesh. Also makes good sauce.

9. PEASGOOD'S NONSUCH (B)(3)(S)(V2), SEPT-OCT, M26Raised by a Mrs Peasgood, Grantham, Lincs. Around 1855. A handsome, large, orange-red brisk and juicy fruit which also cooks to a sweet puree.

10. NORFOLK ROYAL RUSSET - (A/B)(4*)(N)(V2) Sept-Dec., MM106Raised Norfolk, 1908 with Russet sport arising same area in 1970's. Known to do well in both the E. and W. of southern Scotland, with an excellent sweet-sharp flavour even at the end of it’s season.

11. CAMBUSNETHAN PIPPIN - (A) (4) (N) (V1) Part Tip Bearer Oct - Nov, MM106, Arose either in Clydesdale around 1750 or possibly earlier at Stirling. According to David Storrie "an excellent scab-free desert apple popular in both the east and the west."

12. RED WINDSOR (B)(2)(S)(V1), SEPT-OCT., MM106(RED SPORT OF ALKMENE, GEHEIMRAT DR. OLDENBURG X COX'S ORANGE PIPPIN)Cox-type with crisp, juicy flesh. Aromatic. Disease-resistant. Known to do well at 600 feet in central Scotland.

13. PORT ALLEN RUSSET - (A) (2) (N) (V3) Oct-Nov., MM106
Probably from the hamlet of the same name in Perthshire, age unknown. A conical russeted fruit with an even orange flush on yellow background. Brisk, rich flavour.
Cooking Apples

14. LASS O’GOWRIE - (D) (2) (N) (V3) Aug-Sept. MM106Perthshire, described 1883. Well-flavoured apple keeping shape when cooked.

15. STIRLING CASTLE - (B) (3*), S, V1, Sept. - Dec. M26, MM111Raised by John Christie, Stirling in 1820's. Widely planted in the 19th Century and a still valued garden variety in Scotland and elsewhere. Well flavoured green-yellow fruit. Compact growth

16. GORHAM - (B) (4) (N) (V2) Sept-Oct.Long, pale yellow pear, like "Williams" but less scab prone.

17. CONFERENCE - (B/C) (3) (S) (V2) Oct-NovThe best -known pear, can be excellent flavour but not scab-resistant, so best in drier areas. Partially self-fertile.

18. LOUISE BONNE OF JERSEY (B)(2)(N)(V2) Oct.Raised 1780, Normandy. Pale green with red flush. Sweet and juicy flesh. Known to do very well in parts of eastern Scotland.

19. OPAL - (D) (3) (S) (V1) July-Aug. Pixy, St Julian ‘A’A reddish-purple fruit with a similar superb flavour to "Victoria", very useful where bacterial canker is problematic, as in certain parts of the west.

20. RIVERS EARLY PROLIFIC (D) (2) (Part S) (V2) Pixy, St Julian A.
The best early cooking plum, also a good dessert when fully-ripe. A blue-purple fruit, hardy and prolific.

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